Date of Award


Publication Type

Master Thesis

Degree Name




First Advisor

Morton, Larry,


Education, Curriculum and Instruction.




The purpose of this study was to investigate the extent to which Kent County elementary school teachers involve students in outdoor education activities and to determine the factors that influence this involvement. Four models were developed for this investigation: (a) school climate (i.e., awareness of curriculum, perceptions of administrative support, and legal liability); (b) teacher burnout; (c) teacher's personality type; and (d) teacher's personal background (i.e., qualifications, experience, interest, and expertise). Information for the study was gathered by surveying 203 teachers. The survey consisted of: (a) an Outdoor Education Questionnaire generated by the researcher, (b) Holland's Vocational Preference Inventory (VPI), and (c) the Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI). Fifty five percent of the surveys were returned with useable data. Two-tailed correlation and stepwise multiple regression analyses indicated that teachers were more likely to involve students in outdoor education activities if they: (a) scored high on the personal accomplishment subscale of the MBI, (b) were identified as having an investigative personality type, according to the VPI, (c) scored high on the awareness scale of school climate model, (d) had been involved in teaching outdoor education in the past, and (e) were involved in outdoor activities during personal time. Paper copy at Leddy Library: Theses & Major Papers - Basement, West Bldg. / Call Number: Thesis1996 .B335. Source: Masters Abstracts International, Volume: 37-01, page: 0026. Adviser: Larry Morton. Thesis (M.Ed.)--University of Windsor (Canada), 1996.