Date of Award


Publication Type

Master Thesis

Degree Name



Civil and Environmental Engineering

First Advisor

Temple, M. C.,


Engineering, Civil.




A number of tensile tests were performed in order to determine if the formulae in the Canadian Standards Association CSA-S16.194, are valid for single angles. The experiments consisted of applying a tension load to a single angle specimen while recording strain distribution at mid-span, elongation, yielding pattern, failure load and the mode of failure. Length and connection size are the two variables considered in this research. Failure of all the specimens tested was by net-section through the bolt hole closest to the mid-span. This result was predicted by the equation developed by Temple. Limitations in the design apparatus excluded all angles which were predicted to fail across the gross cross-section. Sample calculations predicting the gross-cross sectional failure were completed. Angle efficiency calculated using Kulak and Wu's equation provide excellent results when compared with efficiencies in S16.1.Dept. of Civil and Environmental Engineering. Paper copy at Leddy Library: Theses & Major Papers - Basement, West Bldg. / Call Number: Thesis1999 .D86. Source: Masters Abstracts International, Volume: 39-02, page: 0549. Adviser: M. C. Temple. Thesis (M.A.Sc.)--University of Windsor (Canada), 1999.