Date of Award


Publication Type

Master Thesis

Degree Name



Social Work


Sociology, Ethnic and Racial Studies.




This paper looks at income inequality, based on ethno-racial origins. While Canada is proclaimed to be largely egalitarian, in light of its liberal policies and ideologies such as liberalism and multiculturalism, this thesis examines the extent to which economic inequality, manifested in income attainment is present in Canada. Building on past research, which have identified links between ethno-racial origin and identity, it provides a snapshot of the socio-economic standing of different ethno-racial groups, speaking to a part of the everyday lived experiences of different people residing in Canada. Using cycle 14 of the General Social Survey and factors related to income attainment such as human capital, social capital and socio-demographics, ordinary least squares regression showed that race and not ethnicity is an important predictor of income. That is, while all ethno-racial groups make comparable incomes with the British, visible minorities suffer significant income gaps in relation to this group. This difference is unexplained even after their higher educational attainments are considered. Finally, this project shows that human capital and socio-demographics are still the best predictors of income, while some factors of social capital improve income.Dept. of Sociology and Anthropology. Paper copy at Leddy Library: Theses & Major Papers - Basement, West Bldg. / Call Number: Thesis2005 .F47. Source: Masters Abstracts International, Volume: 44-03, page: 1244. Thesis (M.A.)--University of Windsor (Canada), 2005.