Date of Award


Publication Type

Master Thesis

Degree Name




First Advisor

Horsberg, B.


Health Sciences, Nursing.




The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of anatomical site location of a peripheral intravenous catheter (PIVC) on patient comfort and incidence of complications. The anatomical site locations examined were dominant hand (DH), non-dominant hand (NDH), dominant forearm (DFA) and non-dominant forearm NDFA). The study used a four-group correlational design and a convenience sample of 139 hospitalized admitted in-patients. An IV Team of nurses was part of the research team that initiated all PIVCs studied. Complications recorded included incidence of phlebitis, leaking of IV fluid, re-taping, dressing changes, disconnection, extravasation, dislocation, and occlusion of the IV catheter. Comfort was measured by assessing how the location of the PIVC affected the participant's ability to perform certain self-care activities and actual pain level. Orem's Self-care Deficit Theory of Nursing was used as the framework for the development and design of the research study. A self-care questionnaire based on the Older American Multifunctional Assessment Questionnaire (OMFAQ) was used to measure the subject's ability to perform self-care. A score obtained on a numerical rating scale (NRS) was used to assess perceived pain. These tools were administered to the patient after the PIVC was discontinued. (Abstract shortened by UMI.) Paper copy at Leddy Library: Theses & Major Papers - Basement, West Bldg. / Call Number: Thesis2000 .M38. Source: Masters Abstracts International, Volume: 39-02, page: 0484. Adviser: B. Horsberg. Thesis (M.Sc.)--University of Windsor (Canada), 2000.