Date of Award


Publication Type

Master Thesis

Degree Name



Social Work


Sociology, Ethnic and Racial Studies.


Basok, T.




The investigation utilized a historical/comparative methodology to trace connections between three social movements---the Social Reform, Nationalist, and Women's Movements in India. While some researchers (e.g. Tarrow (1994); Snow & Benford (1992)) offer the concept of the cultural and master frame to explain linkages between movements, this research went further by probing additional elements such as social networks and political career patterns. Connections were evident since all three were united through the master frame. The social reform movement laid the groundwork for both the nationalist and feminist movements. However, the impact of the reform and nationalist movement on Indian feminism was paradoxical. While both social reform and nationalism advanced the concerns of women, they also hindered the progress of the feminist movement through the propagation of contradictory roles and images of women. These movements also omitted certain feminist issues and thus many dissatisfied women mobilized their efforts to raise the status of women. Consequently, the master frame both empowered and limited movements. However, this cultural frame represented but one facet of the link between movements. An analysis of the life histories of women suggested that social networks and political career patterns also played a significant role in further connecting these movements.Dept. of Sociology and Anthropology. Paper copy at Leddy Library: Theses & Major Papers - Basement, West Bldg. / Call Number: Thesis1997 .S26. Source: Masters Abstracts International, Volume: 39-02, page: 0415. Adviser: Tanya Basok. Thesis (M.A.)--University of Windsor (Canada), 1998.