Low power CMOS analog multipliers.

Date of Award


Publication Type

Master Thesis

Degree Name



Electrical and Computer Engineering

First Advisor

Chen, C.


Engineering, Electronics and Electrical.



Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.


CMOS analog multiplier is a very important building block and programming element in analog signal processing. Although high-performance multipliers using bipolar transistors have been available for 40 years, CMOS multiplier implementation is still a challenging subject especially for low-power and low-noise circuit design. Since the supply voltage is normally fixed for analog multiplier structures, we use the total current to represent the power dissipation. Our basic idea for low power design of analog multipliers is to fit most of the transistors into the linear region, while at the same time keeping the drain-to-source voltage as low as possible to decease the drain current. And also, we use PMOS transistors for the devices working in the saturation region to further decrease the drain current and improve the linearity performance. Two low power CMOS analog multiplier designs have been proposed in this thesis. We gave detailed performance analysis and some design considerations for these structures. Cadence Hspice simulation verified our analysis. To ensure a fair comparison, we also simulated the performance of a previous multiplier structure, which was considered to be one of the best multiplier structures with low power and low noise performance. Extensive experiments and comparison for these structures show that the proposed CMOS analog multipliers have much less power dissipation than that of previous structures, while at the same time, satisfying other performance requirements. The proposed analog multipliers would be good choices in the applications where low power dissipation is an important consideration.Dept. of Electrical and Computer Engineering. Paper copy at Leddy Library: Theses & Major Papers - Basement, West Bldg. / Call Number: Thesis2004 .L5. Source: Masters Abstracts International, Volume: 43-01, page: 0280. Adviser: Chunhong Chen. Thesis (M.A.Sc.)--University of Windsor (Canada), 2004.