Date of Award


Publication Type

Master Thesis

Degree Name




First Advisor

Rourke, B.,


Psychology, Clinical.




Medical advances over the last two decades have lead to increased survival rates of children born with increasingly lower birth weights. Studies have revealed that the lower the birth weight of the child, the higher the possibility that he/she will develop some associated neurological and neuropsychological problems. Archival data for children used in this study were collected through a retrospective chart review at Henry Ford Hospital in Detroit, Michigan. The purpose of this study was to examine possible deficits in different aspects of memory, (visual, verbal, and delayed recall) in children born with LBW and to compare these deficits with children born with normal birth weight (NBW) who have been diagnosed with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). A total of 86 children between the ages of 5 and 13 were administered the Test of Memory and Learning (TOMAL) as a measure of memory functioning. Other neuropsychological measures administered were the Beery test of Visual Motor Integration (VMI), the Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test (PPVT), the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test (WCST), the visual and auditory attention subtests of the NEPSY, and the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children, 3rd edition (WISC-III) or the Stanford Binet Test of Intelligence as a measure of global intellectual functioning. Results revealed that children with LBW demonstrate below average performance on measures of nonverbal (NM) and sequential memory. Below average performance was also measured on the VMI, PPVT, WCST and NEPSY attention measures. When compared to children with ADHD, the children in the LBW group demonstrated significantly poorer performance in visual attention, delayed recall, nonverbal, and sequential memory. In addition, only nonverbal memory scores were significantly and positively correlated with birth weight. However, variance in nonverbal memory scores was predicted primarily by IQ, PPVT, and NEPSY visual attention scores.Dept. of Psychology. Paper copy at Leddy Library: Theses & Major Papers - Basement, West Bldg. / Call Number: Thesis2002 .W45. Source: Masters Abstracts International, Volume: 41-04, page: 1206. Adviser: B. Rourke. Thesis (M.A.)--University of Windsor (Canada), 2002.