New VLSI design of a MAP/BCJR decoder.

Date of Award


Publication Type

Master Thesis

Degree Name



Electrical and Computer Engineering

First Advisor

Ahmadi, M.


Engineering, Electronics and Electrical.



Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.


Any communication channel suffers from different kinds of noises. By employing forward error correction (FEC) techniques, the reliability of the communication channel can be increased. One of the emerging FEC methods is turbo coding (iterative coding), which employs soft input soft output (SISO) decoding algorithms like maximum a posteriori (MAP) algorithm in its constituent decoders. In this thesis we introduce a design with lower complexity and less than 0.1dB performance loss compare to the best performance observed in Max-Log-MAP algorithm. A parallel and pipeline design of a MAP decoder suitable for ASIC (Application Specific Integrated Circuits) is used to increase the throughput of the chip. The branch metric calculation unit is studied in detail and a new design with lower complexity is proposed. The design is also flexible to communication block sizes, which makes it ideal for variable frame length communication systems. A new even-spaced quantization technique for the proposed MAP decoder is utilized. Normalization techniques are studied and a suitable technique for the Max-Log-MAP decoder is explained. The decoder chip is synthesized and implemented in a 0.18 mum six-layer metal CMOS technology. (Abstract shortened by UMI.)Dept. of Electrical and Computer Engineering. Paper copy at Leddy Library: Theses & Major Papers - Basement, West Bldg. / Call Number: Thesis2004 .S23. Source: Masters Abstracts International, Volume: 43-05, page: 1783. Adviser: Majid Ahmadi. Thesis (M.A.Sc.)--University of Windsor (Canada), 2004.