Optimization strategies for two-tiered sensor networks.

Date of Award


Publication Type

Master Thesis

Degree Name



Computer Science


Computer Science.



Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.


Sensor nodes are tiny, low-powered and multi-functional devices operated by lightweight batteries. Replacing or recharging batteries of sensor nodes in a network is usually not feasible so that a sensor network fails when the battery power in critical node(s) is depleted. The limited transmission range and the battery power of sensor nodes affect the scalability and the lifetime of sensor networks. Recently, relay nodes, acting as cluster heads, have been proposed in hierarchical sensor networks. The placement of relay nodes in a sensor network, such that all the sensor nodes are covered using a minimum number of relay nodes is a NP-hard problem. We propose a simple strategy for the placement of relay nodes in a two-tiered network that ensures connectivity and fault tolerance. We also propose two ILP formulations for finding the routing strategy so that the lifetime of any relay node network may be maximized.Dept. of Computer Science. Paper copy at Leddy Library: Theses & Major Papers - Basement, West Bldg. / Call Number: Thesis2006 .B37. Source: Masters Abstracts International, Volume: 45-01, page: 0348. Thesis (M.Sc.)--University of Windsor (Canada), 2006.