Date of Award


Publication Type

Master Thesis

Degree Name




First Advisor

Weese, Jim,


Psychology, Industrial.



Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.


This study was undertaken to analyze the concepts of organizational effectiveness, executive leadership and organizational culture within the Ontario Sport and Recreation Centre (O.S.R.C.). Organizational effectiveness was measured by the Survey of Provincial Sport Organizations (SPSO) instrument, modified from Chelladurai and Haggerty (1991), executive leadership by the Multifactor Leadership Questionnaire (MLQ), developed by Bass and Avolio (1990), and organizational culture by the Organizational Culture Assessment Questionnaire (OCAQ), developed by Sashkin (1990). No significant differences in either transformational or transactional leadership behaviours were uncovered between Executive Directors of effective PSO's and Executive Directors of ineffective PSO's. This finding aligns with the conclusions of Bryman (1986a), Pettigrew (1987) and Pfeffer (1977), who have questioned the importance of executive leadership to organizational effectiveness. While no significant difference between "self" and "other" leadership assessments existed within effective PSO's, a significant difference between "self" and "other" leadership assessments was uncovered in the ineffective PSO's. This finding supports the conclusions of Atwater & Yammarino (1992), Bass & Avolio (1989), Weese (1994b) and Yammarino & Atwater (1993), who suggested that congruence of the perceptions of leadership style (between leaders and followers) provides a better indication of the true leadership situation. It was also concluded that a significant difference existed between the organizational culture of effective PSO's and the organizational culture of ineffective PSO's. (Abstract shortened by UMI.)Dept. of Kinesiology. Paper copy at Leddy Library: Theses & Major Papers - Basement, West Bldg. / Call Number: Thesis1995 .K46. Source: Masters Abstracts International, Volume: 34-06, page: 2490. Adviser: Jim Weese. Thesis (M.H.K.)--University of Windsor (Canada), 1995.