Date of Award


Publication Type

Master Thesis

Degree Name



Social Work


Sociology, Individual and Family Studies.




The purpose of this study was to examine the stressors the orphans and informal orphan caregivers were experiencing following the death of the orphans' parent(s), their coping strategies and the care and support provided by community based organizations (CBOs), in the context of HIV/AIDS in Nyanza, Kenya. This study was informed by conceptual realms within the Stress Process theory. Focus group discussions with orphans (thirty-one participants) and CBO members (16 participants) and in-depth interviews with informal orphan caregivers (4 participants) and CBO leaders (2 participants) were used in this study. This study makes a contribution to the stress process literature by extending our understanding on issues related to orphanhood and orphan caregiving in a developing country in the context of HIV/AIDS and by showing how primary and secondary stressors experienced by orphans and caregivers are manifested into other stressors. It also provides evidence of coping strategies used by orphans and informal orphan caregivers. (Abstract shortened by UMI.)Dept. of Sociology and Anthropology. Paper copy at Leddy Library: Theses & Major Papers - Basement, West Bldg. / Call Number: Thesis2004 .L37. Source: Masters Abstracts International, Volume: 45-01, page: 0171. Thesis (M.A.)--University of Windsor (Canada), 2004.