Date of Award


Publication Type

Master Thesis

Degree Name




First Advisor

McKay, Linda,


Education, Administration.




This study examined participation in extracurricular activities as a predictor of sense of belonging, level of self-esteem, and risk of dropout among grade eleven students. Section A of the Student Questionnaire was developed by Pascarella (1982) and was used to measure the level of involvement in each of the extracurricular categories outlined in the research: (a) athletics, (b) intramural athletics, (c) high school publications, (d) department clubs, (e) social clubs, (f) religious organizations, (g) student government, and (h) music and drama. Section B was developed by using questions from both the San Diego Community College Campus Climate Student Survey (1994) and the Compton Community College Campus Climate Survey (1994) as a measure of student sense of belonging. Section C was designed by Cassidy and Broks (1978) and was used as a measure of student self-esteem. Section D examined risk of student dropout and was designed using predictors outlined in the review of literature. The sample consisted of 240 grade eleven secondary school students from three urban Ontario secondary schools. (Abstract shortened by UMI.) Paper copy at Leddy Library: Theses & Major Papers - Basement, West Bldg. / Call Number: Thesis2002 .C89. Source: Masters Abstracts International, Volume: 41-04, page: 0885. Adviser: Linda McKay. Thesis (M.Ed.)--University of Windsor (Canada), 2002.