Date of Award


Publication Type

Master Thesis

Degree Name




First Advisor

Metcalfe, Alan,


History, Canadian.




The aim of this investigation was to understand why Canadian football replaced English rugby as the popular form of football in Halifax between 1930 and 1954. The reasons why this change occurred was the result of the actions of individuals and groups involved in football within the city. An important segment of the Halifax football playing population that supported Canadian football was the city's youth. Many of these individuals were introduced to American football in the 1930s and later to Canadian football in the 1940s. Combined the this increased interest in Canadian football was a decline in the interest in English rugby following the disbanding of high school English rugby in the city after the 1938 season. As a result, the interest of young people in Canadian football was reflected in the future of football in the city. The single most important influence behind the introduction and promotion of Canadian football in Halifax was that of the Royal Canadian Navy during the Second World War. It was through the efforts of individuals within this organization that teams and leagues were formed in Halifax. Two additional Halifax sporting institutions, the Wanderers Amateur Athletic Club and Dalhousie University, wielded similar influence over football in the city following the war. In 1947, these two organizations formed Canadian football teams, which reflected the growing popularity of the sport in Halifax. A final influence that was responsible for the declining interest in English rugby was the inability of English rugby administrators to successfully increase interest in their sport. This lack of success, combined with the effective promotion efforts undertaken by Canadian football organizers, resulted in decreased exposure of, and interest in, English rugby by the early 1950s. (Abstract shortened by UMI.)Dept. of Kinesiology. Paper copy at Leddy Library: Theses & Major Papers - Basement, West Bldg. / Call Number: Thesis1996 .K67. Source: Masters Abstracts International, Volume: 34-06, page: 2212. Adviser: Alan Metcalfe. Thesis (M.H.K.)--University of Windsor (Canada), 1996.