Date of Award


Publication Type

Master Thesis

Degree Name




First Advisor

Morton, Larry,


Education, Curriculum and Instruction.



Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.


The differences in the effectiveness of passive-instruction and active instruction of study skills and time management were investigated. Students responded to two surveys on five-point Likert-type scales prior to and twice following the treatments. Marks were also gathered and analyzed. The results found that females scored significantly higher on all time management and study orientation sub-scales than did males. Work method and teacher approval mean scores for males in the two treatment groups improved from pretest to post-test #2. Grade 8 marks of students in the treatment groups receiving active and passive instruction did not improve significantly more than those of the students in the control group. The findings suggest more research is necessary before including formal instruction of metacognitive strategies in the Grade 8 curriculum. Paper copy at Leddy Library: Theses & Major Papers - Basement, West Bldg. / Call Number: Thesis1997 .O83. Source: Masters Abstracts International, Volume: 39-02, page: 0326. Adviser: Larry Morton. Thesis (M.Ed.)--University of Windsor (Canada), 1998.