Date of Award


Publication Type

Master Thesis

Degree Name



Social Work


Sociology, Criminology and Penology.


Fleming, T.




The following text analyses the Canadian criminal justice system's various reform movements between the late 1800's and the end of the 1980's. Specifically, three periods are investigated in detail and compared: 1900-1910, 1950-1960, and 1980-1990. Of particular interest to the author are the hypotheses introduced by various State Theorists (Miliband, 1969, Poulantzas, 1969, 1973, Quinney, 1974, 1980) as well as Michel Foucault's (1979) study of penal control. The research which follows attempts to evaluate the accuracy of their assertions in light of Canadian youth justice reforms initiated during each of the chosen periods. These include the introduction of the reformatory and later training schools, probation, and community-based controls. Through the use of official crime statistics data, the degree of state control was measured for each era, and each reform initiative. The findings indicate an increase in the state's control over youth between 1899 and 1990 and generally support the Instrumentalist State Theory position of social control.Dept. of Sociology and Anthropology. Paper copy at Leddy Library: Theses & Major Papers - Basement, West Bldg. / Call Number: Thesis1996 .D63. Source: Masters Abstracts International, Volume: 34-06, page: 2251. Adviser: Thomas Fleming. Thesis (M.A.)--University of Windsor (Canada), 1996.