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The purpose of this study was to investigate the impact of gender and transformational leadership on employee job satisfaction and organizational effectiveness within the National Sport Organizations. Leadership was measured by the Multifactor Leadership Questionnaire (MLQ), employee job satisfaction by the Job In General (JIG) Scale, and organizational effectiveness by the Survey of National Sport Organizations instrument. While significant differences existed in the transformational leadership tendencies exhibited at the Executive Director level within the National Sport Organizations, no significant difference was uncovered between female and male Executive Directors. This finding supports the conclusions of Dobbin and Platz (1986), Goktype and Schneier, (1988), and Komives (1991) who concluded that executive leadership does not differ on the basis of gender. In addition, no significant difference existed between the employee job satisfaction and organizational effectiveness levels of organizations led by female Executive Directors compared to the same measures of organizations led by male Executive Directors. These findings align with the conclusions of Kushell and Newton (1986), and Stitt, Schmidt, Price and Kipnis (1983) who found no relationship between the gender of the leader and job satisfaction, and Bartol (1978) who found that the gender of the leader did not have an impact on organizations effectiveness. It was also concluded that no significant difference existed between employee job satisfaction and organizational effectiveness levels of organizations led by high transformational leaders compared to the same measures for organizations led by low transformational leaders. These findings support the conclusions of Indvik (1988) and Keller (1989) who found no significant relationship between executive leadership and job satisfaction and Bryman (1992), Lord and Maher (1991), and Pettigrew (1987) who suggested no relationship exists between executive leadership and organizational effectiveness.Dept. of Kinesiology. Paper copy at Leddy Library: Theses & Major Papers - Basement, West Bldg. / Call Number: Thesis1994 .L366. Source: Masters Abstracts International, Volume: 34-02, page: 0474. Adviser: Jim Weese. Thesis (M.Hk.)--University of Windsor (Canada), 1994.
Langley, Wendy Jane., "Transformational leadership and gender: A study of the executive directors for select National Sports Organizations." (1994). Electronic Theses and Dissertations. 4417.