Date of Award


Publication Type

Master Thesis

Degree Name




First Advisor

Snowdon, Anne,


Health Sciences, Nursing.




Outcomes of childhood trauma related to motor vehicle crashes (MVCs) have remained unchanged over the past 30 years. In addition, trauma related injuries are responsible for 50% of all childhood deaths (Block, Hanson, & Keane, 1998; Patterson, 1999). Child vehicle restraint studies indicate that children 4 to 9 years of age may be at greater risk of MVC injury than other age groups. Booster seat research is largely lacking, and most children do not meet the physical guidelines for seat belt use until 9 or 10 years of age (Weber, 2000). The purpose of this study was to examine vehicle restraint use for children 18--36 kg and the factors that influence the parents' selection of a vehicle restraint device for their child. Survey research was used to explore an extensive range of parental perceptions and behaviours regarding vehicle restraint using a self-administered questionnaire. Questionnaires were delivered to parents in the school bags of children in junior kindergarten to grade three inclusive who attended one of 13 latch key programs in southwestern Ontario. Results indicated that 60% of the 105 children utilized a seat belt with only 5% meeting the physical requirements to do so. Booster seat use was demonstrated by 29% largely for children under the age of 6 and less than 22.8 kg. Parents appeared to lack knowledge regarding effective use of seat belts. The findings from this study are discussed relevant to their implications for nursing practice and the potential to influence legislative change and partnerships with industry. Paper copy at Leddy Library: Theses & Major Papers - Basement, West Bldg. / Call Number: Thesis2003 .S365. Source: Masters Abstracts International, Volume: 42-02, page: 0569. Adviser: Anne Snowdon. Thesis (M.Sc.)--University of Windsor (Canada), 2003.