Date of Award


Publication Type

Master Thesis

Degree Name



Political Science

First Advisor

Keenleyside, T. A.,


Political Science, International Law and Relations.




The purpose of this thesis is to evaluate the extent to which the Canadian International Development Agency has integrated its Women in Development and Environmental Sustainable Development policies. First, the thesis explores the debate on Women in Development (WID), Gender and Development (GAD), Women, the Environment and Sustainable Development (WED), and Ecofeminism and discusses the relevance and importance of WED in the context of the history of development as a whole. Second, it describes the evolution within CIDA of policies related to women in development and sustainable development. Third, based largely on interviews, it examines contemporary CIDA policy in practice and the level of women's participation in three CIDA natural resource management projects to determine the level of integration of WID and sustainable development at the policy and project levels. The thesis argues that CIDA continues to suffer from a confusion of purpose within its ranks with regards to its sustainable development and Women in Development policies. It illustrates that CIDA does not fully accept either as a "cross-cutting theme" in development and that the agency lacks the necessary instruments for effective implementation and evaluation of policy in both areas. The thesis argues that CIDA needs to be more forceful in pointing out the inextricable links between women and environmental sustainability. Despite these shortcomings, it is argued that the past year (1995-96), the Canadian government has offered some encouraging signs that the degree to which the agency is alive to the issue of women and sustainable development is rising. This development offers hope that CIDA's policies may shift to ones that encourage women to participate fully and on an equal basis with men in all aspects of development. (Abstract shortened by UMI.)Dept. of History, Philosophy, and Political Science. Paper copy at Leddy Library: Theses & Major Papers - Basement, West Bldg. / Call Number: Thesis1996 .T36. Source: Masters Abstracts International, Volume: 34-06, page: 2231. Adviser: T. A. Keenleyside. Thesis (M.A.)--University of Windsor (Canada), 1996.