Date of Award


Publication Type

Master Thesis

Degree Name



Social Work

First Advisor

Nakhaie, Reza,


Sociology, Individual and Family Studies.




Sociological research on women's alcohol and tobacco use has previously focused on role theories. Research on such behaviours in men has traditionally taken a structural inequality perspective. While both role and structural inequality perspectives are important in explaining women's health related behaviours, neither perspective is sufficient alone. The purpose of this study is to examine the social forces that have an impact on women's smoking and drinking behaviours, focusing specifically on both structural inequality and role accumulation explanations. The data used in this research are a sub-sample of data collected by Statistics Canada for The National Population Health Survey, 1994--1995. The sample for the present study consists of 6101 female respondents between the ages of 20 and 64. The method of analysis was a multi-step OLS regression to determine the independent and simultaneous effects of various socioeconomic characteristics, socio-demographic characteristics, social roles, and traumatic life experiences on three separate measures each of smoking and drinking. This study found that both structural inequality and role perspectives are important in explaining women's smoking and drinking behaviours. In addition, there are important differences between each of these health-related behaviours in terms of the social forces that influence them.Dept. of Sociology and Anthropology. Paper copy at Leddy Library: Theses & Major Papers - Basement, West Bldg. / Call Number: Thesis2000 .L36. Source: Masters Abstracts International, Volume: 39-02, page: 0417. Adviser: Reza Nakhaie. Thesis (M.A.)--University of Windsor (Canada), 2000.