Date of Award


Publication Type

Master Thesis






The purpose of the study was to examine the relation between ethnocultural identity, religious identity, and attitudes toward women. The current study proposed that both ethnocultural and religious identity were related to attitudes toward women. One hundred sixty-three Canadian Muslims of South Asian descent were administered three surveys: (1) the Acculturation Index (Ward & Kennedy, 1994); (2) Psychological Measure of Islamic Religiosity (PMIR) (Abu Raiya, 2006); and (3) Ambivalent Sexism Inventory (Glick & Fiske, 1996). Factor analysis was conducted on the PMIR resulting in a revised measure. Hypotheses were tested using correlational analyses. Subsequent exploratory analyses were conducted through multiple regressions. The results of the correlations from the study found that ethnic identity and religious identity are multidimensional and are related to each other in various ways, as well as to attitudes toward women. It was also found that certain cultural and religious dimensions predicted attitudes toward women.