Date of Award


Publication Type

Master Thesis

Degree Name




First Advisor

Todd M. Loughead


Social sciences, Health and environmental sciences, Athlete, Characteristics, Cohesion, Leadership, Self-construal, Team



Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.


The importance of cohesion in the study of sport teams has long been recognized by group dynamics researchers (e.g., Brawley, Carron, & Widmeyer, 1987). However, drawing on the Conceptual Framework of Cohesion in Sport (Carron, 1982), many antecedents of cohesion have yet to be explored in detail. Therefore, the current study focused on two of the antecedent factors from Carron's framework. Specifically, this study examined the relationship concerning athlete leadership and self-construal in relation to team cohesion. Athletes ( N = 278) from a variety of varsity level sport teams competing within the Canadian Interuniversity Sport (CIS) Association participated in this study. Structural Equation Modeling revealed that athletes who viewed themselves as possessing high levels of leadership characteristics, and having a dominant interdependent self-construal felt more task and socially cohesive with their teammates. Additionally, cohesion was not associated with teammates who construed themselves in an independent fashion.