Date of Award


Publication Type

Master Thesis

Degree Name




First Advisor

McNevin, Nancy


Health and environmental sciences, Attentional focus, Clinical settings, Therapists'perceptions



Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.


Information provided by a therapist is an important for motor learning. Instinctively, therapists refer to body positioning, creating an internal focus of attention (IFOA. Literature suggests, statements directing attention away from specific body movements, known as external focus of attention (EFOA), are most effective for motor learning. Little is known about how EFOA statements in a clinical setting compare to suggestions in literature, or whether therapists have an understanding of how to use it in rehabilitation programs. To determine this, appointments of 15 therapists were observed, and a therapist perception questionnaire was administered. Findings indicate, IFOA statements (262) are used more frequently than EFOA statements (70). When other factors are considered (i.e., task type) communications more closely reflect literature's suggestions. Therapist perception questionnaires highlight a discrepancy between therapists' perceptions and what was actually presented. The majority of therapists had limited understanding of attentional focus as a clinical motor learning tool.