Date of Award


Publication Type

Master Thesis

Degree Name



Mechanical, Automotive, and Materials Engineering

First Advisor

Tam, Edwin


Benchmarking, Bus, Electric Bus, Hybrid Bus, Sustainability, Transit




From reduced costs to improved efficiency, fleet managers are constantly striving to improve their operations in their transit bus systems. Hybrid electric buses have gained prominence among transit agencies due of their potential for improving fuel economy, reducing costs and increasing reliability over the traditional diesel bus. The question which must be asked is, are hybrid electric buses the best choice for every city? Are there single or multiple solutions which can satisfy the current and future requirements of the transit bus industry? This thesis aims to combine previous research, statistical data and survey results into a multiobjective analysis to determine an answer to these questions. Current and future technologies will be compared with each benefit and downside discussed and scored. For transit agencies looking to justify the significant capital cost increase for new technologies, this research will form the basis for an informed decision.