Date of Award

2011

Publication Type

Master Thesis

Degree Name

M.A.Sc.

Department

Civil and Environmental Engineering

First Advisor

Hanna F Maoh

Keywords

Canadian CMA, commuting behavior, sustainable transportation, urban form

Rights

info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.

Abstract

This thesis investigates the factors which affect commuting distance in Canadian Metropolitan Areas. The commuting behavior in Windsor, Halifax, Calgary and Ottawa-Gatineau is studied using confidential micro-data from the 2006 Canadian Census survey. Land use datasets from Statistics Canada, Desktop Mapping Technology Inc. and Natural Resource Canada are also utilized. The nature of urban form in these CMAs is explored. Regression and ordered choice models are employed to study the similarities and differences in commuting behavior. The impact of factors such as sex, age and employment status is line with previous studies. However, the use of new variables, namely mortgage, mobility and occupational types, provide new insights about the modeled process. Accessibility to jobs and mixed land use are the most significant land use variables in all CMAs. The recommendations from this thesis support philosophies that promote multinucleated and mixed land use development within the context of smart growth strategies.

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