Date of Award


Publication Type

Master Thesis

Degree Name




First Advisor

Babb, Kimberley


ADHD, Anxiety, Coping, Depression, Parentification, Stress



Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.


Parentification refers to the intergenerational role-reversal within a family wherein a child is assigned the adult caregiving role. Typically-developing siblings of individuals with developmental disabilities often experience increased caregiving responsibilities compared to their peers (Cuskelly & Gunn, 2003) and face unique challenges within their sibling relationship (Petalas et al., 2009), which may place them at a greater risk for parentification. The purpose of the current study was to compare parentification experiences, coping strategies, and social and behavioural adjustment between 30 siblings (age 17 to 25 years) of individuals with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and 179 siblings of individuals without disabilities. Contrary to predictions, no significant differences in parentification were found between the ADHD and control groups. Higher scores on the parentification variables were associated with distress for the control group, whereas only perceived unfairness was associated with higher levels of distress in the ADHD group. Socially supported coping moderated the relationship between parentification and distress, but only for the control group.