Date of Award


Publication Type

Master Thesis

Degree Name



Earth and Environmental Sciences

First Advisor

Polat, Ali


Archean greenstone belt, Bad Vermillion Lake, Radiogenic isotopes, Superior Province, Trace element, Western Wabigoon subprovince




The Neoarchean (ca. 2720 Ma) Bad Vermilion Lake (BVL) greenstone belt is composed of metamorphosed bimodal tholeiitic to calc-alkaline basalts to rhyolites, volcaniclastic rocks, gabbros, and subordinate sedimentary rocks. All these rocks are intruded by granitic rocks. The HFSE systematics of the volcanic and volcaniclastic rocks and gabbros are consistent with subduction zone geochemical signatures. The BVL greenstone belt is geochemically similar to Neoarchean subduction-related ophiolites. Two rhyolite samples from the belt have been dated as 2724±23 Ma and 2722±11 Ma, representing approximate age of the arc volcanism. The ca. 2664 Ma Ottertail Lake granite marks the end of tectonic accretion in the study area. Both the volcanic rocks and gabbros show large ranges of Nd, Pb and Sr isotopic compositions, reflecting post-magmatic alteration. Pb-Pb regression ages of gabbros (2725±83 Ma) agree with the U-Pb ages of the rhyolites, suggesting that the U-Pb system was the most robust isotopic systems.