Date of Award


Publication Type

Doctoral Thesis

Degree Name





Psychology, Clinical.




The purposes of the study were to ascertain whether Early Memories could be scored along scales of Narcissism and Psychosexual Stages, and further whether these scores would correspond with scores on Narcissism and Psychosexual Stages obtained from the Thematic Apperception Test, thus lending support to the theoretical conceptualization that Early Memories are screen memories which can be examined as projective devices expressive of an individual's enduring character traits and prototypical dilemmas. In addition, this study examined whether specific kinds of narcissistic styles in individuals correspond with specific psychosexual stages; and with the number of psychosexual stages expressed; and with another measure of narcissism, the discrepancy between self and self-ideal on a self report inventory. These latter questions are an outgrowth of the recent developmental theories of narcissism that regard it as accompanying all stages of development and having the potential of being either healthy or pathological, rather than the earlier views that posited narcissism to be inherently pathological and indicative of early fixations. High interjudge reliability was established on a pilot study of 20 subjects, and on the subsequent main sample of 60 subjects where Early Memories and TATs were scored for Narcissism and Psychosexual Stage. Significant correlations were obtained between EM and TAT results for Narcissism by both judges, for Psychosexual Stages by one judge. Those who had Healthy Narcissism scores did have lower self, self-ideal discrepancy than those who had injured Narcissism scores. No specific narcissistic designation correlated with any one psychosexual stage, and neither did any one narcissistic designation correlate with the number of psychosexual stages expressed.Dept. of Psychology. Paper copy at Leddy Library: Theses & Major Papers - Basement, West Bldg. / Call Number: Thesis1985 .B343. Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, Volume: 46-02, Section: B, page: 0633. Thesis (Ph.D.)--University of Windsor (Canada), 1985.