Date of Award
Chemistry and Biochemistry
CONDUCTIVITY, CRYSTAL ENGINEERING, LUMINESCENCE, MAGNETISM, NEUTRAL RADICALS, OLEDs
Chapter 1 provides an overview of the area of 1,2,3,5-dithiadiazolyl (DTDA) radical chemistry which is central to this thesis, including a review of the crystal engineering principles and the physical properties of DTDA radicals, focusing on structure-property relationships. The magnetic properties of the -polymorph of p-NCC6F4CNSSN have been almost exhaustively studied since 1993 when it was found to exhibit the highest magnetic ordering temperature (TN = 36 K) for an organic magnet. Conversely the structure and physical properties of the -polymorph have barely been explored. The conditions for the selective preparation of and polymorphs of this radical are investigated in Chapter 2. The relative polymorph stability is probed through detailed DSC and PXRD studies and the magnetic properties of the -polymorph fully examined through dc and ac susceptibility measurements coupled with heat capacity studies. In Chapters 3 and 4, systematic structural studies on the variation of substituent groups are undertaken, comprising a series of alkoxy-functionalised perfluorophenyl DTDA radicals, p-ROC6F4CNSSN (R = Me, Et, Pr, Bu) and a comparison of the substitution pattern of the tolyl group on PhDTDA derivatives, MeC6H4C6H4CNSSN and their polymorphs. These studies use a combination of single crystal and VT-PXRD, SQUID magnetometry and VT EPR spectroscopy combined with DSC measurements and computational studies to probe relative polymorph stabilities and magnetic properties. A new generation of DTDA radicals where the R substituent is “non-innocent” are described in Chapters 5 and 6. In Chapter 5 the synthesis and characterisation of a series of DTDA-functionalised polyaromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) are described and their polymorphism examined as well as their solution and solid state optical properties. These reveal fluorescence quantum efficiencies up to 50%. Radical stability can be enhanced through incorporation into polymer matrices (PMMA and PS) which retard hydrolysis and prototype OLEDs based on a fluorescent DTDA exhibiting a luminance of almost 2000 Cd/m2 is described. Chapter 6 describes two stilbene-based DTDA diradicals in which the potential for thermal and photochemical cis/trans isomerisation, ring closure or [2+2] cycloaddition was explored. Solution photochemistry reactions, monitored by 1H NMR, UV/vis and fluorescence studies and EPR spectroscopy) revealed a trans/cis isomerisation, followed by ring-closure to afford a dihydrophenanthrene intermediate which undergoes H-atom migration with quenching of radical paramagnetism. Subsequent thermal treatment affords a phenanthrene-based diradical species with an increase in sample paramagnetism. Chapter 7 provides a brief overview of the results obtained in this thesis, the insight that these results provide within this research area and the potential for future exploitation.
Beldjoudi, Yassine, "THERMAL, PHOTONIC AND MAGNETIC STUDIES OF THIAZYL RADICALS" (2016). Electronic Theses and Dissertations. 5801.