Date of Award


Publication Type

Master Thesis

Degree Name



Political Science

First Advisor

Boase, J.


Political Science, Public Administration.




This thesis examines the development of federal, provincial, and municipal interdependence in the area of urban and municipal affairs. The study suggests that the extensive and established nature of the tri-lateral relationship, resulting from the substantial increase in government interdependence during the 20th century, would make federal government withdrawal from municipal and urban affairs a difficult and undesirable, though neither impractical nor unlikely, prospect. In Chapter One, the influence of federal-provincial relations is examined. The study of the bi-lateral relationship is an integral component in understanding the tri-lateral relationship, for the tri-lateral relationship is a reflection of the ebb and flow of federal-provincial relations. Chapter Two examines the impact of societal and political forces on the bi-lateral relationship. These forces, characteristics of the 20th century, have had a powerful influence on the direction and growth of the tri-lateral relationship. Included amongst several, is the impact of urbanization and industrialization, electoral politics, the search for legitimation by the provincial and federal governments, and the role of special interest groups, especially the Federation of Canadian Municipalities. In Chapters Three, Four and Five, the relationships themselves are examined. This includes an historical examination of the bases of the tri-lateral relationship, such as the constitutional sources of support for provincial and federal actions, and an analysis of the intricate financial and functional interdependencies (including federal departments, Crown corporations and federal regulatory bodies). Chapter six examines the recent constitutional proposals and evaluates their impact on the tri-lateral relationship. The Charlottetown Accord, while it was the only constitutional document proposing federal withdrawal from municipal and urban affairs, was unable to meet its objectives and would likely have had only a modest impact on the federal government's presence in municipal and urban affairs. (Abstract shortened by UMI.) Source: Masters Abstracts International, Volume: 34-06, page: 2231. Adviser: Joan Boase. Thesis (M.A.)--University of Windsor (Canada), 1996.