Date of Award


Publication Type

Master Thesis

Degree Name



Mechanical, Automotive, and Materials Engineering


Experimental design, Optimization, Remanufacturing


Abdul-Kader, Walid




Implementation of new environmental legislation and public awareness has increased the responsibility on manufacturers. These responsibilities have forced manufacturers to begin remanufacturing and recycling of their goods after they are disposed or returned by customers. Ever since the introduction of remanufacturing, it has been applied in many industries and sectors. The remanufacturing process involves many uncertainties like time, quantity, and quality of returned products. Returned products are time sensitive products and their value drops with time. Thus, the returned products need to be remanufactured quickly to generate the maximum revenue. Every year millions of electronic products return to the manufacturer. However, only 10% to 20% of the returned products pass through the remanufacturing process, and the remaining products are disposed in the landfills. Uncertainties like failure rate of the servers, buffer capacity and inappropriate preventive maintenance policy would be highly responsible the delays in remanufacturing. In this thesis, a simulation based experimental methodology is used to determine the optimal preventive maintenance frequency and buffer allocation in a remanufacturing line, which will help to reduce the cycle time and increase the profit of the firm. Moreover, an estimated relationship between preventive maintenance frequency and MTBF (Mean Time Between Failure) is presented to determine the best preventive maintenance frequency for any industry. The solution approach is applied to a computer remanufacturing and a cell phone remanufacturing industry. Analysis of variance and regression analysis are performed to denote the influential factors in the remanufacturing line, and optimization is done by using the regression techniques and ANOVA results.