Date of Award

4-20-2018

Degree Type

Thesis

Degree Name

M.Sc.

Department

Computer Science

First Advisor

Rueda, Luis

Keywords

Authentication, Behavioural Biometry, Cybersecurity, Keystroke Dynamics, Machine Learning, SVM

Rights

CC-BY-NC-ND

Abstract

This thesis focuses on the effective classification of the behavior of users accessing computing devices to authenticate them. The authentication is based on keystroke dynamics, which captures the users behavioral biometric and applies machine learning concepts to classify them. The users type a strong passcode ”.tie5Roanl” to record their typing pattern. In order to confirm identity, anonymous data from 94 users were collected to carry out the research. Given the raw data, features were extracted from the attributes based on the button pressed and action timestamp events. The support vector machine classifier uses multi-class classification with one vs. one decision shape function to classify different users. To reduce the classification error, it is essential to identify the important features from the raw data. In an effort to confront the generation of features from attributes an efficient feature extraction algorithm has been developed, obtaining high classification performance are now being sought. To handle the multi-class problem, the random forest classifier is used to identify the users effectively. In addition, mRMR feature selection has been applied to increase the classification performance metrics and to confirm the identity of the users based on the way they access computing devices. From the results, we conclude that device information and touch pressure effectively contribute to identifying each user. Out of them, features that contain device information are responsible for increasing the performance metrics of the system by adding a token-based authentication layer. Based upon the results, random forest yields better classification results for this dataset. The research will contribute significantly to the field of cyber-security by forming a robust authentication system using machine learning algorithms.

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