Date of Award

2018

Publication Type

Master Thesis

Degree Name

M.C.Sc.

Department

Electrical and Computer Engineering

First Advisor

Rashid Rashidzadeh

Second Advisor

Roberto Muscedere

Rights

info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.

Abstract

The significant development of IoT sensors will play a critical role in a large number of applications. It is predicted that billions of IoT sensors will be used worldwide by 2020 [1]. Batteries are commonly utilized to power on sensors, but they are depleted and they require maintenance and replacement. Battery replacement for billions of sensors is a daunting task and battery disposal for IoT sensors can become an environmental problem. Energy harvesting from ambient sources presents a viable solution to overcome these problems. Among all energy sources, light is considered as one of the best sources due to its high energy density and availability in both indoor and outdoor environments. In order to make an energy harvesting system efficient, many methods have been proposed in the literature to extract the maximum energy while minimizing the power consumption by the energy harvesting circuitry.

In this work, a boost converter circuit is designed using MEMS-based switches to reduce the leakage current and power loss caused by conventional transistor-based switches. A light energy harvesting method is also proposed utilizing available components of a typical IoT sensor. The reuse of available components in the proposed solution reduces the overall power consumption and the area overhead of the energy harvesting solution.

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