Date of Award


Publication Type

Master Thesis

Degree Name



Electrical and Computer Engineering


Kar, Narayan




Permanent magnet synchronous machines (PMSMs) attract considerable attention in various industrial applications, such as electric and hybrid electric vehicles, due to their high efficiency and high-power density. In this thesis, the mathematical model of PMSM and two popular control strategies, field-oriented control (FOC) and direct torque control (DTC), are analyzed and compared. The results demonstrated that the DTC has better dynamic response in comparison to FOC. Moreover, DTC can eliminate the use of position sensor, which will save the cost of the PMSM drive system. Therefore, this thesis focuses on the design and implementation of high-performance DTC for PMSMs with a Gallium Nitride (GaN) based high switching frequency motor drive. First, the characteristics and operation principles of a PMSM are introduced. Then, the mathematical models of a PMSM under different coordinate systems are investigated. Consequently, a PMSM model is developed based on the dq rotating reference frame and implemented in the MATLAB/Simulink for validation. Two advanced PMSM control strategies, FOC and DTC, are investigated and compared in terms of control performance through comprehensive simulation studies and the results demonstrate that DTC has better dynamic performance. Conventional DTC contributes to higher torque ripple in the PMSM due to the limited switching frequency in a conventional semiconductor-based motor drive, which inevitably deteriorates the drive performance. Therefore, this thesis aims to reduce the torque ripple in the DTC based PMSM drive by using the new generation wide bandgap switching devices. More specifically, DTC is improved by using the optimized space vector pulse width modulation strategy and a higher switching frequency contributed by the GaN based motor drive. Finally, the proposed DTC-SVM based PMSM control strategy is implemented on the digital signal processor (DSP) and evaluated on the laboratory GaN based PMSM drive. Both the simulation and experimental results show that the proposed improvement in the DTC can further improve the PMSM drive performance.