Date of Award

9-26-2018

Degree Type

Thesis

Degree Name

M.A.

Department

Psychology

First Advisor

Lafreniere, Kathryn

Keywords

Disability, Social capital, Social networks, Social resources, Turner Syndrome

Rights

CC-BY-NC-ND

Abstract

This research study was conducted to answer the question: do women with Turner Syndrome have lower levels of social capital in a variety of areas compared to women of the same age range not diagnosed with Turner Syndrome, and does this affect their wellness and life satisfaction? A mixed-methods research design was utilized to examine the perceived social capital of a sample of women aged 18-30 diagnosed with Turner Syndrome. Two potential outcomes of social capital: wellness and life satisfaction, were also examined. Psychological capital was also examined to determine whether it was a mediating variable between the measures of social capital and outcome measures of wellness and life satisfaction. In total, 35 participants completed the survey. Eleven participants reported being diagnosed with Turner Syndrome, and 24 participants were in the comparison group of women not diagnosed with Turner Syndrome. Results revealed no significant differences between women diagnosed with Turner Syndrome and the comparison group in the areas of social capital at work, social capital at school, or online and offline social capital, indicating that women diagnosed with Turner Syndrome felt that they had the same amount of social resources available to them in those situations as women who were not diagnosed with Turner Syndrome. Psychological capital was found to be a mediating variable between the Social Capital Indexes and the outcome variables of satisfaction with life and wellness. While quantitative results indicated that women diagnosed with Turner Syndrome receive and utilize comparable numbers of social resources as women not diagnosed with Turner Syndrome, qualitative results indicate distinct nuances within the social experiences of each group.

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