Date of Award

12-20-2018

Degree Type

Thesis

Degree Name

M.A.Sc.

Department

Electrical and Computer Engineering

First Advisor

Wu, Huapeng

Rights

CC-BY-NC-ND

Abstract

Homomorphic Encryption provides unique security solution for cloud computing. It ensures not only that data in cloud have confidentiality but also that data processing by cloud server does not compromise data privacy. The Fully Homomorphic Encryption (FHE) scheme proposed by Lopez-Alt, Tromer, and Vaikuntanathan (LTV), also known as NTRU(Nth degree truncated polynomial ring) based method, is considered one of the most important FHE methods suitable for practical implementation. In this thesis, an efficient algorithm and architecture for LTV Fully Homomorphic Encryption is proposed. Conventional linear feedback shift register (LFSR) structure is expanded and modified for performing the truncated polynomial ring multiplication in LTV scheme in parallel. Novel and efficient modular multiplier, modular adder and modular subtractor are proposed to support high speed processing of LFSR operations. In addition, a family of special moduli are selected for high speed computation of modular operations. Though the area keeps the complexity of O(Nn^2) with no advantage in circuit level. The proposed architecture effectively reduces the time complexity from O(N log N) to linear time, O(N), compared to the best existing works. An FPGA implementation of the proposed architecture for LTV FHE is achieved and demonstrated. An elaborate comparison of the existing methods and the proposed work is presented, which shows the proposed work gains significant speed up over existing works.

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