Date of Award


Publication Type

Master Thesis

Degree Name



Civil and Environmental Engineering


Basalt, BFRP, fabric, Flexure, laminate, strengtheneing


Sreekanta Das


Niel Van Engelen




This thesis presents the experimental results of laboratory testing conducted on full-scale concrete beams which were strengthened with Basalt Fibre Reinforced Polymer (BFRP) fabrics.The goal was to determine the viability of using external BFRP fabric reinforcement to strengthen flexurally controlled concrete members in-situ. The use of BFRP as an external strengthening material is compared to other materials such as glass (GFRP) and carbon (CFRP) fabrics which are currently widely accepted strengthening materials. Two parameters were varied during the research: the internal steel reinforcement ratio, and the external BFRP layers, to study the interaction between the two. Using BFRP showed excellent results as a flexural strengthening method. The moment capacity of the strengthened beams was found to increase by up to 79% over the control beam for the yield strength, and by up to 120% over the control for the ultimate strength.The yield deflection of the strengthened beams remained similar to the control beam without much reduction or increase, and the ultimate load deflection was increased by up to 140% over the control specimen. This is a key finding as previous tested discussed in the literature review found that both the yield and ultimate deflections of strengthened beams was greatly reduced when using GFRP and CFRP fabrics. When compared to the applicable Canadian and American FRP design guidelines, it was found that the Canadian code needs to be updated to reflect the same process used to determine the FRP design strain used in the American code. With this update, both codes can accurately predict the strength increase found in these specimens. When strengthening flexural members with BFRP fabrics, the beams exhibit increased load-deflection stiffness. It is recommended to also strengthen the beams shear capacity when flexurally strengthening a concrete member to maintain beam integrity and ductility.