Date of Award

3-10-2019

Publication Type

Master Thesis

Degree Name

M.A.Sc.

Department

Electrical and Computer Engineering

First Advisor

Rashid Rashidzadeh

Second Advisor

Roberto Muscedere

Rights

info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.

Abstract

Indoor location positioning techniques have experienced impressive growth in recent years. A wide range of indoor positioning algorithms has been developed for various applications. In this work a practical indoor location positioning technique is presented which utilizes off-the-shelf smartphones and low-cost Bluetooth Low Energy (BLE) nodes without any further infrastructure. The method includes coarse and fine modes of location positioning. In the coarse mode, the received signal strength (RSS) of the BLE nodes is used for location estimation while in the fine acoustic signals are utilized for accurate positioning. The system can achieve centimeter-level positioning accuracy in its fine mode. To enhance the system’s performance in noisy environments, two digital signal processing (DSP) algorithms of (a) band-pass filtering with audio pattern recognition and (b) linear frequency modulated chirp signal with matched filter are implemented. To increase the system’s robustness in dense multipath environments, a method using data clustering with sliding window is employed. The received signal strength of BLE nodes is used as an auxiliary positioning method to identify the non-line-of-sight (NLoS) propagation paths in the acoustic positioning mode. Experimental measurement results in an indoor area of 10 m2 indicate that the positioning error falls below 6 cm.

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