Date of Award

Summer 7-23-2019

Publication Type

Master Thesis

Degree Name

M.A.Sc.

Department

Electrical and Computer Engineering

First Advisor

Azzouz Abdelkhalek, Maher

Second Advisor

Kar, Narayan

Keywords

Active Distribution Systems, Electric Vehicles, Impacts, Mitigation

Rights

info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.

Abstract

The transportation sector is expected to undergo a worldwide shift to zero-carbon emission automobiles. Major research advancements and government policies have been addressing the financial and technical barriers to electric vehicle (EV) use. Battery packs constitute an important component of EV technology. Improvements in battery pack technology are leading to lower battery cost, higher battery density, and increased driving range, making EVs more appealing to the consumers. On the other hand, EV charging loads can cause power quality issues such as harmonic distortion, voltage drop, power unbalance, power losses and transformer aging. EV increased charging load is urging the need of assessing its negative impacts on the grid to protect power system components. A comparison of the impacts of different levels of EV charging on the grid can allow EV users and utilities to understand the risks associated with their choices. Harmonic distortion due to nonlinear devices can be evaluated using harmonic power flow methods. Decoupled harmonic power flow technique is widely used in power systems analysis due to its simplicity and computational efficiency. Mitigation techniques to reduce harmonic impacts on the grid are crucial for power system reliability and maintenance. Incorporating distributed generation (DG) units into the network can achieve harmonic compensation of EV charging. A genetic algorithm is proposed to determine the current harmonic spectrum of each DG unit, accomplishing an optimal harmonic compensation of EV charging. DG integration improves grid power quality and voltage profile. It also helps in reducing voltage and current disturbances produced by EV loads.

Available for download on Friday, September 25, 2020

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