Date of Award

9-9-2019

Publication Type

Master Thesis

Degree Name

M.A.Sc.

Department

Mechanical, Automotive, and Materials Engineering

First Advisor

Ahamed, J.

Rights

info:eu-repo/semantics/embargoedAccess

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.

Abstract

Pedestrian inertial navigation systems yield the foundational information required for many possible indoor navigation and positioning services and applications, but current systems have difficulty providing accurate locational information due to system instability. Through the implementation of a low-cost ultrasonic ranging device added to a foot-mounted inertial navigation system, the ability to detect surrounding obstacles, such as walls, is granted. Using these detected walls as a basis of correction, an intuitive algorithm that can be added to already established systems was developed that allows for the demonstrable reduction of final location errors. After a 160 m walk, final location errors were reduced from 8.9 m to 0.53 m, a reduction of 5.5% of the total distance walked. Furthermore, during a 400 m walk the peak error was reduced from 10.3 m to 1.43 m. With long term system accuracy and stability being largely dependent on the ability of gyroscopes to accurately estimate changes in yaw angle, the purposed system helps correct these inaccuracies, providing strong plausible implementation in obstacle rich environments such as those found indoors.

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