Date of Award
Electrical and Computer Engineering
Applied sciences, Binary extension fields, Finite field multipliers
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Finite fields have important applications in number theory, algebraic geometry, Galois theory, cryptography, and coding theory. Recently, the use of finite field arithmetic in the area of cryptography has increasingly gained importance. Elliptic curve and El-Gamal cryptosystems are two important examples of public key cryptosystems widely used today based on finite field arithmetic. Research in this area is moving toward finding new architectures to implement the arithmetic operations more efficiently.
Two types of finite fields are commonly used in practice, prime field GF(p) and the binary extension field GF(2 m). The binary extension fields are attractive for high speed cryptography applications since they are suitable for hardware implementations. Hardware implementation of finite field multipliers can usually be categorized into three categories: bit-serial, bit-parallel, and word-level architectures. The word-level multipliers provide architectural flexibility and trade-off between the performance and limitations of VLSI implementation and I/O ports, thus it is of more practical significance.
In this work, different word level architectures for multiplication using binary field are proposed. It has been shown that the proposed architectures are more efficient compared to similar proposals considering area/delay complexities as a measure of performance. Practical size multipliers for cryptography applications have been realized in hardware using FPGA or standard CMOS technology, to similar proposals considering area/delay complexities as a measure of performance. Practical size multipliers for cryptography applications have been realized in hardware using FPGA or standard CMOS technology. Also different VLSI implementations for multipliers were explored which resulted in more efficient implementations for some of the regular architectures. The new implementations use a simple module designed in domino logic as the main building block for the multiplier. Significant speed improvements was achieved designing practical size multipliers using the proposed methodology.
Namin, Ashkan Hosseinzadeh, "High speed world level finite field multipliers in F2m" (2009). Electronic Theses and Dissertations. 7899.