Date of Award


Publication Type

Master Thesis

Degree Name


First Advisor

Anne Baird


Social sciences, Psychology



Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.


The association of gender and ethnicity within a sample of older adults referred for neuropsychological assessment in an outpatient setting was investigated. Neuropsychological and functional measures included the Boston Naming Test (BNT), reading subtest of the Wide Range Achievement Test-3 (WRAT-3), and Money Management (MM) subscale of the Independent Living Scales (ILS). This study replicated and expanded on Baird et al. (2007). European-American men performed significantly better than African-Americans and European-American women on the BNT & WRAT-3, and better than African-Americans on the ILS MM. Findings could not be attributed to discrepancies in age, years of formal education, and cognitive impairment severity and replicated the findings of Baird et al. (2007). Demographic group differences remained on the BNT and ILS MM after covarying on WRAT-3 score. Results highlight that oral word reading ability alone cannot accurately explain demographic group differences on some neuropsychological and functional measures.