Date of Award


Publication Type

Master Thesis

Degree Name



Electrical and Computer Engineering

First Advisor

Xiang Chen


Applied sciences



Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.


Electric power steering (EPS) systems are rapidly replacing existing traditional hydraulic power steering systems due to fuel and cost savings. The reliability of a column mounted EPS is improved by adding an alternate control scheme that is tolerant to a torque sensor failure (FTC). To accomplish this, a motor model based observer is used to estimate the total torque on the motor shaft. An independent estimate of the road reaction torque is generated from vehicle navigation signals and subtracted from the total to estimate the torque sensor output. A Hardware-in-the-loop (HIL) simulation is described where the EPS model, road vehicle dynamics and developed control scheme are simulated on an Opal RTTM real-time platform and a physical DC motor is placed in-the-loop. This simulation validates the developed method under more realistic operating conditions than using software simulation alone and is more repeatable and cost effective than a full in-vehicle test.