Synthetic sensor observations: Integrating computer simulations with the Sensor Web

Date of Award


Publication Type

Master Thesis

Degree Name



Earth and Environmental Sciences

First Advisor

Phil Graniero


computer simulation, sensors, Sensor Web Enablement, TOPMODEL, ECO-COSM, Sensor Observation Service, SIMSENSOR .



Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.


This project creates a link between landscape simulation and the Sensor Web. SIMSENSOR is an extension to the ECO-COSM simulation modelling framework that connects to a Sensor Observation Service (SOS). It consists of a library that supports SOS communications and ECO-COSM components that turn model state into synthetic sensor measurements.

A simulation can produce synthetic observations and insert them into an SOS, where they exist alongside actual sensor data. The use of open standards for the Sensor Web component allows interoperability with other Sensor Web systems using the SOS for exchange.

A simple TOPMODEL-based hydrology model was built, that sent "sensor measurements" of several phenomena for a small catchment to an SOS. These results were available from the SOS within a second on average, accessible by any SOS-aware application.

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