Date of Award


Publication Type

Master Thesis

Degree Name




First Advisor

Paivio, Sandra



Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.


The present study examined client characteristics that differentiate between best and worst outcome in two versions of EFTT. Both versions of EFTT have been shown to be effective for survivors of child abuse (Paivio et al., 2009); however the unique features of the two versions of EFTT may interact with client characteristics, and hence differentially affect outcome. Certain client characteristics have been examined in relation to outcome; however, many relevant client characteristics have been neglected. Results indicated that marital status, personality pathology, and abuse characteristics differentiated clients who did best and worst in EE, whereas personality pathology, alexithymia symptom clusters, and abuse characteristics differentiated best and worst outcome in IC. This comprehensive examination of pre-treatment client characteristics provides a more complete picture of what factors may facilitate or impede improvement in EFTT. Findings can guide future research and inform individual treatment planning and tailoring to improve effectiveness.