Date of Award


Publication Type

Doctoral Thesis

Degree Name



Electrical and Computer Engineering


Electric motor design, Electric vehicle, Finite element analysis, Modeling, Optimization, Prototyping


Narayan C. Kar




Electric machine design is a comprehensive task depending on the several factors, such as material resource limitations and economic factors. Therefore, an induction machine is a promising candidate because of the absence of magnetic material in the rotor. However, the conventional design approach can neither reflect the advances of the induction machine(IM) design nor exploit the trade-offs between design factors and the multi-physics nature of the electrical machine. Therefore, proposing fast and accurate novel methods to design, develop and analyze IMs using electromagnetic field oriented approaches is competitive to the old-fashion numerical methods. To achieve improved IM design from a baseline design to an optimal design, this dissertation: (1) Investigates the challenges of the high speed IM design specified for the electric vehicle application at the rated operating condition considering electromagnetic boundaries for the reasonable saturation level within a compact volume; (2) Proposes a new design approach of IM using modified equivalent circuit parameters to reduce spatial harmonics because of slotting effect and skewing effect; and also presents the importance of the 3-D analysis over 2-D analysis while developing the IM; (3) Proposes a novel electromagnetic field oriented mathematical model considering the slotting effect and axial flux variation because of skewing rotor bars to evaluate the IM performance with a lower and precise computational effort; (4) developed baseline IM is optimized with genetic algorithm incorporated in proposed subdomain model to improve the torque-speed profile. In order to further simplify the optimization procedure, a parametric and sensitivity based design approach is implemented to reduce the design variables. To evaluate the proposed optimal IM with extended constant power region and high torque density within a compact volume using novel 3-D subdomain model, the machine has been prototyped and tested from low to high speed under no-load and loaded condition. Electrical circuit parameter variation is demonstrated and compared to the one simulated in the FEA environment. This innovation can be applied to a family of electric machines with various topologies.