Date of Award


Publication Type

Master Thesis

Degree Name



Electrical and Computer Engineering

First Advisor

Narayan Kar


Applied sciences




Growing concerns of the economic and environmental impact of petroleum combustion by on-road transportation have accelerated the development of alternative fuel vehicles; of these, the hybrid electric vehicle (HEV) is currently the most commercially successful technology. It integrates an electric drivetrain to the internal combustion engine for optimized engine operation giving significantly higher fuel efficiency and lower emissions. However, despite their well recognized benefits, Canadian consumers have shown reluctance in adapting HEVs so far. This thesis discusses the immediate need for Canada to adopt more efficient and eco-friendly transportation systems and analyzes the cost effectiveness and tailpipe emissions of HEVs that offer a suitable alternative. The factors inhibiting market acceptance of hybrids are have been reviewed and a set of comprehensive policy guidelines and measures have been proposed to provide financial incentives, enforce emission regulations and support technology development of hybrid vehicles. As part of the highlighted target, challenges in key areas of HEV technology have been discussed and one such challenge is addressed by proposing a more robust electric motor drive for vehicle traction.