Date of Award


Publication Type

Master Thesis

Degree Name



Mechanical, Automotive, and Materials Engineering

First Advisor

Colin Novak




Airports provide economic and social benefits to the communities in which they are located, yet as residential development encroaches nearer to them, the noise from aircraft operations has been recognized as a contributor to increased annoyance to these residential communities. Transport Canada requires airports to publish Noise Exposure Forecast (NEF) contours to predict noise impacts on surrounding areas to help municipal planners make good land use decisions and avoid complaints. This research examined the historical development and gives a critical analysis of the approach used to create the NEF contours. It also looks at what other counties use as planning tools. In partnership with the Greater Toronto Airports Authority, NEF contours for Toronto Pearson International Airport were compared to measured noise data and community complaints to establish a correlation.While some good correlation was found, recommendations to improve the NEF model are given to facilitate a better land use planning tool.