Date of Award


Publication Type

Doctoral Thesis

Degree Name



Industrial and Manufacturing Systems Engineering


Engineering, Industrial.




This dissertation develops an energy planning model for the province of Ontario. The model is a single period model with a target year of 2021 and uses linear programming to minimise the total annualised costs of meeting a set of exogenous end-use demands subject to techno-economic constraints that describe the energy system of the province of Ontario. The model includes a comprehensive detailed description of fuels and technologies of secondary conversion and end-use. The process approach, used to model the energy system extends up to the end-use stage. The model allows for both exports and imports of primary and secondary fuels. Other features include modelling of the petroleum refinery and the electric sector. Three scenarios, namely, base, low and high energy demand were developed. To demonstrate the use of the model in addressing policy issues, several policy issues were examined. Some of the important conclusions drawn from this study are the following. In the residential sector natural gas is the optimal fuel for space heating for houses. Further, a reduction itself in space heating demand brought about by building better designed houses is cost effective. In the transportation sector, electric cars and cars fuelled by compressed natural gas together with gasoline and diesel fuelled cars make up the total demand for cars. This reduction of "top of the barrel" demand permits refineries of lower complexity to operate, thereby reducing overall costs. In the electrical sector, there is an increase in the share of nuclear generation. The model has been created using WATMES (Waterloo Energy Modelling System), which provides a very simple and user-friendly environment for data entry, changes to the structure and in running different scenarios.Dept. of Industrial and Manufacturing Systems Engineering. Paper copy at Leddy Library: Theses & Major Papers - Basement, West Bldg. / Call Number: Thesis1988 .L874. Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, Volume: 49-04, Section: B, page: 1334. Thesis (Ph.D.)--University of Windsor (Canada), 1988.