Date of Award

3-10-2021

Publication Type

Master Thesis

Degree Name

M.Sc.

Department

Earth and Environmental Sciences

First Advisor

Chris Houser

Rights

info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.

Abstract

ABSTRACT: Coastal dune systems are becoming increasingly vulnerable to erosion and washover due to sea-level rise and changes in storm activity with changing climate. The impact, however, is not consistent within and across coastal barriers and there is a need to examine the alongshore variability of beach-dune systems to understand dune resiliency. This includes vegetation, which is responsible for trapping transported sediment and initiating dune formation and varies alongshore in response to a poorly understood eco-geomorphological feedback. Identifying how beach-dune systems and vegetation vary alongshore is important for understanding their resiliency. In previous studies it has been suggested that this feedback leads to scale-invariant foredunes in which the maximum potential dune height is directly related to the distance between vegetation and the shoreline (Lveg). There is, however, no corresponding field data to support this model result across and within barrier systems. This study involves the collection of field data from three beaches along the North Shore of Prince Edward Island, Canada. The dune systems are primarily vegetated by Ammophila breviligulata and vegetation density ranged from 0% to 100% beyond the dune crest, with considerable variability alongshore and between sites. The alongshore variability of the vegetation and its relationship to the morphology of the dune was examined using a 1x1m digital elevation model generated from Structure for Motion using Unoccupied Aerial Vehicles and LiDAR topobathy collected by CBCL Limited. Results suggest that dune morphology is not scale-invariant and that the relationship between dune height and vegetation is dependent on storm surge and beach envelope limits to the establishment of vegetation. Comparison to previously published data from a range of sites supports the scale-variant relationship identified in this study and suggest the need to consider development as a combination of transport, supply, and history.

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