Date of Award
Electrical and Computer Engineering
Industrial, LfD, Robot, Robotics
Industrial robots have gained traction in the last twenty years and have become an integral component in any sector empowering automation. Specifically, the automotive industry implements a wide range of industrial robots in a multitude of assembly lines worldwide. These robots perform tasks with the utmost level of repeatability and incomparable speed. It is that speed and consistency that has always made the robotic task an upgrade over the same task completed by a human. The cost savings is a great return on investment causing corporations to automate and deploy robotic solutions wherever feasible.
The cost to commission and set up is the largest deterring factor in any decision regarding robotics and automation. Currently, robots are traditionally programmed by robotic technicians, and this function is carried out in a manual process in a well-structured environment. This thesis dives into the option of eliminating the programming and commissioning portion of the robotic integration. If the environment is dynamic and can undergo various iterations of parts, changes in lighting, and part placement in the cell, then the robot will struggle to function because it is not capable of adapting to these variables.
If a couple of cameras can be introduced to help capture the operator’s motions and part variability, then Learning from Demonstration (LfD) can be implemented to potentially solve this prevalent issue in today’s automotive culture. With assistance from machine learning algorithms, deep neural networks, and transfer learning technology, LfD can strive and become a viable solution. This system was developed with a robotic cell that can learn from demonstration (LfD). The proposed approach is based on computer vision to observe human actions and deep learning to perceive the demonstrator’s actions and manipulated objects.
Elachkar, Michael, "Robot Learning From Human Observation Using Deep Neural Networks" (2022). Electronic Theses and Dissertations. 8793.